Fall Prevention Basics

According to HHS falls are the leading cause of accidental death in older adults in the United States. Often, resident falls result in injuries that lead to decreased mobility and functional ability. There are many risk factors that can increase the risk of falls. Facilities and healthcare providers should proactively identify and reduce resident fall risk factors.

Multiple factors can contribute to falls in older adults. Common risk factors include: 

  • Medication
  • Decreased cognitin
  • Dehydration
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Parkinson’s
  • Previous falls

A thorough interdisciplinary clinical assessment of the resident and their environment is instrumental in identifying fall risk factors and developing a patient-centered care plan.  Fall care plans should be periodically reviewed and modified as necessary.  HHS Quality Monitoring Program has several evidence-based best practice resources available for fall risk management programs. See the link below for more information.